Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, The Logics of Gender Justice: State Action on Women’s Rights around the World. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Order it here.


Mala Htun, Inclusion Without Representation: Gender Quotas and Ethnic Reservations in Latin America. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016. Order book here.


Mala Htun, Sex and the State: Abortion, Divorce, and the Family under Latin American Dictatorships and Democracies (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

published in Spanish as: Sexo y Estado: Aborto, divorcio y familia bajo dictaduras y democracias en América Latina (Santiago: Ediciones Universidad Diego Portales, 2010).

Articles and Chapters

Mala Htun and Francesca Jensenius, “Expressive Power of Anti-Violence Legislation: Changes in Social Norms on Violence Against Women in Mexico.” World Politics 74, 1 (2022): 1-36.

Mala Htun, “Women’s Equality and the Covid-19 Caregiving Crisis.” Perspectives on Politics 20:2 (2022): 635-645.

Mala Htun and Francesca R. Jensenius, “Comparative Perspectives on the Caregiving Crisis, Welfare States, and Men’s Roles,” APSA Comparative Politics Newsletter XXX, Issue 2, Fall 2020: 22-32.

Mala Htun and Francesca Jensenius, “Political Change, Women’s Rights, and Public Opinion on Gender Equality in Myanmar,” European Journal of Development Research 32 (2020): 457-481.

Mala Htun and Francesca Jensenius, “Comparative Analysis for Theory Development,” in Erica Simmons and Nicholas Rush Smith, eds., Rethinking Comparison: Innovative Methods for Qualitative Political Inquiry (New York, Cambridge University Press, 2021).

Mala Htun and Francesca Jensenius, “Fighting Violence Against Women: Laws, Norms, and Challenges Ahead,” Daedalus 149, 1 (2020): 144-159.

Mala Htun and Francesca Jensenius, “Aspirational Laws as Weak Institutions: Legislation to Combat Violence against Women in Mexico,” in Daniel M. Brinks, Steven Levitsky, and Victoria Murillo, eds., Weak Institutions in Latin America (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2020).

Mala Htun, Francesca R. Jensenius, and Jami Nelson Nuñez, “Gender Discriminatory Laws and Women’s Economic Agency,” Social Politics 26, Issue 2 (Summer 2019): 193–222. Free access from OUP here.

Mala Htun, Francesca R. Jensenius, and Liv Tønnessen, “Introduction to Special Issue of Social Politics: Legal Regimes, Women’s Work, and Women’s Empowerment,” Social Politics 26, Issue 2 (Summer 2019): 189–192. Special issue co-edited by Htun, Jensenius, and Tønnessen.

Mala Htun, “Promoting Diversity and Inclusion through Engagement: The APSA 2018 Hackathon,” PS: Political Science and Politics 52, Issue 4 (2019): 677-683.

Nadia Brown, Yusaku Horiuchi, Mala Htun, and David Samuels, “Gender Gaps in Perceptions of Political Science Journals.” PS: Political Science and Politics. Published online by Cambridge University Press, 30 August 2019.

Carey, John M. and Carman, Kevin and Clayton, Katherine and Horiuchi, Yusaku and Htun, Mala N. and Ortiz, Brittany, “Who Wants to Hire a More Diverse Faculty? A Conjoint Analysis of Faculty and Student Preferences for Gender and Racial/Ethnic Diversity,” Politics, Groups, and Identities 8, no. 3 (2020): 535-553. Published online November 8, 2018. Pre-print available at SSRN. Replication data available here. (authors listed alphabetically)

Jensenius, Francesca R., Mala Htun, David J. Samuels, David A. Singer, Adria Lawrence, and Michael Chwe, “Benefits and Pitfalls of Google Scholar.PS: Political Science & Politics 51, no. 4 (2018): 820-824. Post-print here. (authors listed in certified random order)

Mala Htun and Francesca R. Jensenius, “Comparative analysis for theory development: Lessons from a study of women’s empowerment,” QMMR: Qualitative and Multi-Method Research 16, 1 (Spring 2018): 28-33.

Clara Araújo, Anna Calasanti, and Mala Htun, “Women, Power, and Policy in Brazil,” in Leslie Schwindt Bayer, ed., Gender and Representation in Latin America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2018).

Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, “States and the Logic of Gender Justice,” in Kimberly Morgan and Ann Shola Orloff, eds. Many Hands of the State (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017). see proof here.

Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, “Religious Power, the State, Women’s Rights, and Family Law.” Politics & Gender 11 (2015). Supplementary materials hereLink to replication files.

Mala Htun, Cheryl O’Brien, and S. Laurel Weldon, “Movilización feminista y políticas sobre violencia contra las mujeres,” Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica 14, no. 1 (January-March 2014): 2- 13.

Mala Htun, Jennifer M. Piscopo, and Sophia von Bergen, “Women in Politics in Latin America,” in Wilhelm Hofmeister, Megha Sarmah, and Dilpreet Kaur, eds. Women, Policy and Political Leadership (Singapore, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, 2014).

Mala Htun, “Political Inclusion and Representation of Afrodescendant Women in Latin America,” in Maria Escobar-Lemmon and Michelle Taylor-Robinson, eds. Representation: The Case of Women (Oxford University Press, 2014).

Mala Htun and G. Bingham Powell, et. al., “Between Science and Engineering: Reflections on the APSA Presidential Task Force on Political Scientists, Electoral Rules, and Democratic Governance.” Perspectives on Politics 11, 3 (September 2013): 808-840. [Adapted and Abridged Version of APSA Task Force Report]

Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, “Feminist Mobilization and Progressive Policy Change: Why Governments Take Action to Combat VAW,” Gender and Development 21, 2 (July 2013): 231-249.

Mala Htun and Juan Pablo Ossa, “Political Inclusion of Marginalized Groups: Gender Parity and Indigenous Reservations in Bolivia.” Politics, Groups, and Identities 1, 1 (March 2013): 4-25.

Mala Htun, Marina Lacalle, and Juan Pablo Micozzi, “Does Women’s Presence Change Legislative Behavior? Evidence from Argentina.” Journal of Politics in Latin America 2, 1 (2013): 95-125.

Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, “Civic Origins of Progressive Policy Change: Combating Violence Against Women in Global Perspective.” American Political Science Review 106, 3 (August 2012): 548-569.  Supplementary materials here.  Replication files here.

Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, “State Power, Religion, and Women’s Rights: Comparative Analysis of Family Law,” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 18, no. 1 (Winter 2011).

Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, “When do Governments Promote Women’s Rights? A Framework for the Comparative Analysis of Sex Equality Policy,” Perspectives on Politics 8, no. 1 (March 2010): 207-216.

Mala Htun, “Sex and the State in Latin America,” in Mona Lena Krook and Sara Childs, eds. Women, Gender, and Politics: A Reader (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010). [excerpt of Sex and the State]

Mala Htun, “Life, Liberty, and Family Values: Church and State in the Struggle Over Abortion in Latin America,” in Frances Hagopian, ed. Contemporary Catholicism, Religious Pluralism, and Democracy in Latin America (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009).

Mala Htun, “Political Inclusion: Women, Blacks, and Indigenous Peoples,” in Jorge Domínguez and Michael Shifter, eds. Constructing Democratic Governance, 3rd Edition (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008).

Mala Htun and Timothy J. Power, “Gender, Parties, and Support for Equal Rights in the Brazilian Congress,” Latin American Politics and Society 48, no. 4 (Winter 2006): 83-104.

Mala Htun, “Gender Equality in Transition Polities: Comparative Perspectives on Cuba,” in Looking Forward: Cuba’s Democratic Transition, edited by Marifeli Pérez-Stable (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2007; Spanish edition published by Editorial Colibrí, 2006).

Mala Htun, “What It Means to Study Gender and the State,” Politics and Gender 1, no. 1 (Fall 2005): 157-166.

Mala Htun, “Is Gender Like Ethnicity? The Political Representation of Identity Groups,” Perspectives on Politics 2, no. 3 (September 2004): 439-458.

Mala Htun, “From Racial Democracy to Affirmative Action: Changing State Policy on Race in Brazil,” Latin American Research Review 39, no. 1 (February 2004): 60-89. Abridged version also published in: NACLA Report on the Americas (January-February 2005).

Mala Htun, “Democracy and Political Inclusion: The Andes in Comparative Perspective,” in Nadando contra la corriente: Mujeres y cuotas políticas en los países andinos, ed. Magdalena León (Quito and Lima: UNIFEM, 2005).

Mala Htun, “Women, Political Parties and Electoral Systems in Latin America,” in Women in Parliament. Beyond Numbers. A New Edition, eds. Julie Ballington and Azza Karam (Stockholm: International IDEA, 2005).

Mala Htun, “Learning from Gender Quotas,” in Social Inclusion and Economic Development in Latin America, eds. Mayra Buvinic and Jacqueline Mazza (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004).

Mala Htun, “Women and Democracy,” in Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America, 2nd Edition, eds. Jorge I. Domínguez and Michael Shifter (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003). Also translated into Spanish.

Mala Htun, “Puzzles of Women’s Rights in Brazil,” Social Research 69, no 3 (Fall 2002): 733-751.

Mala Htun and Mark P. Jones, “Engendering the Right to Participate in Decisionmaking: Electoral Quotas and Women’s Leadership in Latin America,” in Gender and the Politics of Rights and Democracy in Latin America, eds. Nikki Craske and Maxine Molyneux (London: Palgrave, 2002). Also published in: Parity Democracy in the Construction of Europe, ed. Paloma Saavedra Ruiz (Madrid: CELEM, 2000).

Mala Htun, “Mujeres y poder político en Latinoamérica,” in Mujeres en el parlamento: Más allá de los números, eds. Myriam Méndez-Montalvo and Julie Ballington (Stockholm: International IDEA, 2002). English version here.

Mala Htun, “A política de cotas na América Latina,” Estudos Feministas 9, no. 1 (2001): 225-230.

Mala Htun, “Culture, Institutions, and Gender Inequality in Latin America,” in Culture Matters: Values and Human Progress, eds. Lawrence Harrison and Samuel Huntington (New York: Basic Books, 2000).

Mala Htun, “Women in Latin America: Unequal Progress toward Equality,” Current History 98, no. 626 (March 1999): 133-138.

Mala Htun, “Women’s Rights and Opportunities in Latin America: Problems and Prospects,” in Civil Society and the Summit of the Americas, eds. Richard Feinberg and Robin Rosenberg (Miami: The North-South Center Press, 1999).

Other Writing

Mala Htun, “Tenure and Promotion After the Pandemic,” Science, June 5, 2020.

Mala Htun and Francesca R. Jensenius, “The news media’s reporting on a pandemic spike in violence against women. It might actually be declining,”  Washington Post, April 24, 2020.

Samantha Cooney and Mala Htun, “Martinez, Susana. 2010 Gubernatorial Election,” in Mark P. Jones, ed. Voting and Political Representation in America: Issues and Trends (Santa Barbara, CA and Denver, CO: ABC-CLIO, 2020).

Mala Htun, “Legislating Affirmative Consent is Misguided,” Albuquerque Journal, February 4, 2019.

Mala Htun, “Brasileiros: aprendam com nossos erros,” Folha de São Paulo, October 20, 2018.

Mala Htun and Courtney Jung, “Critical Dialogue. Lactivism and Inclusion without Representation.” Perspectives on Politics 15, 2 (June 2017).

Mala Htun, “Emergence of an Organized Politics of Race in Latin America,” in Juliet Hooker and Alvin Tillery, eds. The Double Bind: The Politics of Racial and Class Inequalities in the Americas. Report of the APSA Task Force on Race and Class in the Americas. Washington, D.C.: American Political Science Association, 2016. get whole TF report here.  Htun chapter is here.

Mala Htun, “DA-RT and the Social Conditions of Knowledge Production in Political Science,” APSA-CP Newsletter, Spring 2016.

Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, “Progressive Policy Change on Women’s Economic and Social Rights.” Background Paper for Progress of the World’s Women. UN Women, United Nations, NY, NY. 2014. 87 pp.

Mala Htun and Jennifer Piscopo, “Women and Politics and Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean.” Conflict Prevention and Peace Forum. CPPF Working Papers on Women in Politics, no. 2. Social Science Research Council. New York, NY, 2014. 39 pp. Available at:

Mala Htun and G. Bingham Powell, eds. Political Science, Electoral Rules, and Democratic Governance. Report of the APSA Task Force on Electoral Rules and Democratic Governance. Washington, D.C.: APSA, 2013. 130 pp. Available at: [Adapted and abridged version appeared in Perspectives on Politics 11, 3 (September 2013): 808-840]

Mala Htun and G. Bingham Powell, “Between Science and Engineering: Political Science, Electoral Rules, and Democratic Governance,” in Htun and Powell, eds. Political Science, Electoral Rules, and Democratic Governance. Report of the APSA Task Force on Electoral Rules and Democratic Governance. Washington, D.C.: APSA, 2013, pp. 1-13.

Mala Htun, “Political Science Plays Crucial Role in Public Policy.” Albuquerque Journal, July 11, 2012.

Mala Htun and S. Laurel Weldon, “Explaining Sex Equality in Family Law: Historical Legacies, Feminist Activism, and Religious Power in 70 Countries.” World Development Report 2012. Background Paper. World Bank, Washington, D.C. 73 pp. Available here.

Mala Htun, “Intersectional Disadvantage and Political Inclusion: Getting More Afrodescendant Women into Elected Office in Latin America.” Inter-American Development Bank, Gender and Diversity Division, Program for Women’s Leadership and Representation. Washington, D.C. October 2011. 64 pp. Available at: Also published in Spanish as: “Desventaja interseccional e inclusión política.” Available at:

Mala Htun and Jennifer Piscopo, “Presence Without Empowerment? Women and Politics in Latin America and the Caribbean.” Social Science Research Council. December 2010. 24 pp. Available at:

Mala Htun, “Playing Brazil’s Race Card.” Foreign Policy. November/December 2005. Available at:

Mala Htun, Review of Race in Another America: The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil, by Edward E. Telles, Political Science Quarterly (Summer 2005).

Mala Htun, Review of Rising Tide: Cultural Change and Gender Equality, by Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris, Comparative Political Studies 37, no. 6 (August 2004).

Mala Htun, “Dimensions of Political Inclusion and Exclusion in Brazil: Gender and Race.” Sustainable Development Department Technical Papers Series, Inter-American Development Bank, 2003.

Mala Htun, “Using Gender Quotas to Increase Women’s Representation in Politics: Experiences and Challenges.” Paper Prepared for the United Nations Millennium Project Task Force on Education and Gender Equality. Washington: Center for Global Development, 2003.

Mala Htun, Review of Unfinished Transitions: Women and the Gendered Development of Democracy in Venezuela, 1936-1996, by Elisabeth Friedman, Women and Politics 25, nos. 1-2 (2003).

Mala Htun, Review of Radical Women in Latin America: Left and Right, eds. Victoria Gonzáles and Karen Kampwirth, Political Science Quarterly 117, 4 (Winter 2002-3).

Mala Htun, Review of Women, Religion, and Social Change in Brazil’s Popular Church, by Carol Ann Drogus, American Political Science Review 96, no. 1 (March 2002).

Mala Htun, Women and Power in the Americas. A Report Card. Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Dialogue, 2001.

Mala Htun, “Women’s Leadership in Latin America: Trends and Challenges” and “Closing the Gap between Abstract Rights and Effective Rights: The Need for Executive Action,” in Politics Matters: A Dialogue of Women Political Leaders. Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Dialogue, 2001.

Mala Htun, “Advancing Women’s Rights in the Americas: Achievements and Challenges.” Working Paper. Leadership Council for Inter-American Summitry, North-South Center, University of Miami, 2001.

Mala Htun, “Women’s Political Participation, Representation and Leadership in Latin America.” Women’s Leadership Conference of the Americas Issue Brief. Inter-American Dialogue/International Center for Research on Women, 1998.

Mala Htun, “Women’s Rights and Opportunities in Latin America: Problems and Prospects.” Women’s Leadership Conference of the Americas Issue Brief. Inter-American Dialogue/International Center for Research on Women, 1998.

Mala Htun, “Moving into Power: Strategies to Expand Women’s Opportunities for Leadership in Latin America and the Caribbean.” Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Development Bank, Women in Development Program Unit, Social Programs and Sustainable Development Department, 1997.

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