My current research projects include:
- Gender, race, and professional advancement in STEM. The ADVANCE at UNM program funded by NSF, in which I am co-PI, involves a research component on whether Dobbin and Kalev’s “managerial engagement” model of diversity promotion works in the university context. Kathleen Thelen and Alvin Tillery and I put these ideas into practice at the 2018 APSA Hackathon. Yusaku Horiuchi, John Carey and I (with others) studied faculty hiring preferences using conjoint analysis, and found that faculty at UNM and UNR are 11 to 21 percentage points more likely to prefer a job candidate who identifies as Native American, Hispanic-Latino, or African-American. Michael Chwe and I (with others) wrote a paper about the biases of Google Scholar and other citation counts. With Nadia Brown, Yusaku Horiuchi, and David Samuels, I surveyed political scientists about their perceptions of leading disciplinary journals and wrote an article for PS that probed reasons for publication gaps to advance goals of the APSA Task Force I co-chaired with Frances Rosenbluth.
- Bystander intervention to improve the climate in STEM workplaces. I am PI of a project (NSF #2000448) to develop a bystander intervention curriculum to reduce harassment, micro aggressions, and incivility in engineering and other STEM workplaces with the goal of broadening the participation of women and under-represented minority groups. I am collaborating with Sharyn Potter, Jane Stapleton, and Elizabeth Moschella of University of New Hampshire (who created the original Bringing in the Bystander® program), Justine Tinkler and Makeiva Jenkins of University of Georgia, and Amir Hedayati, Melanie Dominguez, John Wagner, Lisa Marchiondo, Ryan Jacobson, and Chuck Fleddermann of UNM. The project implements managerial engagement theory by involving engineering faculty as facilitators of bystander intervention workshop in their labs and classrooms.
- Effects of policies and programs on sexual harassment. Following a three-year agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice, UNM agreed to adopt numerous reforms, including mandatory, in-person sexual misconduct training of all 27,000 students. Through field experiments, participant observation, and interviews, this project explores the effects of the agreement, and the training, on campus climate and attitudes.
- Laws and women’s economic agency. Francesca Jensenius and I are studying the relationship between legal frameworks, social norms, and women’s agency across the world. We focus in depth on experiences of the U.S., Japan, and Norway to explore differences in what empowerment means, the role of the state in promoting it, and the effects of state action on society. With Melanie Sayuri Sonntag, we have conducted research on men’s liberation and women’s agency in Japan. With Liv Tønnessen, we organized a special issue for Social Politics. This project received support from the Andrew Carnegie Fellowship and a grant from the Norwegian Research Council.
- Can the state end violence against women? Jensenius and my forthcoming article in World Politics argues that laws intending to combat violence, and the social mobilization and media coverage surrounding their enactment and implementation, generate expressive power. Though analysis of four waves of the official survey on Dynamics of Household Relations (ENDIREH), we find evidence consistent with a change in social norms surrounding intimate partner violence. In addition, we have an article in Daedalus about global legal approaches to violence against women, strategies to promote greater alignment between social norms and egalitarian laws, and the risks of excessive state intervention to end gender violence.
- Worlds of Women’s Rights. Jensenius and I are writing a book analyzing global variation in official approaches to women’s rights and their consequences on social norms and practices on four issues areas: violence against women, work-life balance, reproductive rights, and political inclusion. Currently, thanks to funding from the Norwegian Research Council, we are gathering global data on policies regulating access to reproductive technologies including IVF and commercial surrogacy.
- Pending Funding: I am PI of two projects being considered for funding at NSF and NIH. The NSF project would enact an AGEP catalyst alliance between UNM, Arizona State University, and University of Oregon to promote the recruitment, retention, and advancement of underrepresented racial and ethnic groups in STEM, based on Dobbin and Kalev’s “managerial engagement” and Correll’s “small wins” approaches to organizational change . The NIH project would adapt and evaluate the efficacy of managerial engagement, small wins, and bystander intervention to broaden participation in scientific careers in biomedical research enterprises.